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Antique Market zisha Yixing Teapot - Analysis
Personally, I always trust my own opinion on the purchase of art. I made my own art in a variety of media, I bought my first art pottery in 1970. I studied art, I have friends who are artists, and I've been trying in various art forms from the first purchase (sold only with the sale of my cottage in the year 2000). I did not spend a lot of money in the kettles, and I liked. As it turned art forgeries were very popular tea, so I was not out of place in my old kettle thanks.
Over the years, I've learned a lot about China zisha Yixing teapots, old and new. As a result, for old teapots, many people began to make copies (False) of old teapots and aging them (full bath of dirt and then dry). In fact, I am familiar with the basics of my business making furniture and reproductions of folk art and my other business purchase and sale of the real thing. To make old painted furniture, such as old nails were used milk paint and buried in manure for a week. Brass may be higher, putting in a place with ammonia fumes. Then, just use old glass with bubbles in it to make furniture that looked old. Point is that this is nothing new. People have been doing so many fakes and reproductions of art forms for many years.
In tea, the situation is much worse, a number of fronts. First, how teapots have been signed by an artist, from time to time during the last hundred years, the factory seals of the artist or what have the Chinese characters for their names, sometimes, a little stylized. The stamp is usually found at the bottom of the pot, which seems to have begun Chun Gong with the teapot. Later, the marks were also included in the bottom of the lid, and below the handle, although there are variations. We have also heard a tradition that the direction of the seal must be the axis of the handle and spout facing forward, but then we have seen that particular rule also violated. Before the late 1800's, was also common for letters carved on the surface appear teapot. Some specific details apply to certain periods. In 1940 and 1950, woodblock Chinese characters were used, but not the real names. In the 1960's, formed a cooperative, and all pots were sealed only with Zhong Guo Yi Xing.
However, it is also common during this period so that the artists put their own stamp on the lid. During the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976, artists were not allowed to put his stamp on kettles, but is assigned a number. The point is that it is easy to back seal of the original stamps of the original pots, which can also be done with the letters carved. Before the 1960's, the stamps were taken with wax original red stamp made slightly smaller than the original. These days are marked by computer. By comparison, is much more difficult, for example, to forge written signature of an artist, Chinese or Western, although also not impossible, and many fake pictures of past artists have appeared in recent years. In fact, using a black light can sometimes help to reveal forgeries, in the paintings.
The following is the materials. As I mentioned, when did replicas of furniture and folk art, we used nails that were made by a company in the same way for 200 years. Milk paint was used also it was the same way for several hundred years. Then, we could also get hardware that was old, and could even get planks that were several hundred years. We, therefore, finished parts with our own homemade finishes, using the same materials that were used for the manufacture of finished for hundreds of years. At tea, not old clay available because, for example, families have been the artist tea purchase Yixing clay mines for many many years and have passed some of those who from generation to generation. However, one of the real differences seniors older clay teapots is that powder particle size of rock that form the clay about two times larger in the middle of the Qing dynasty, about three times larger in early of the Qing dynasty, and about five times larger, in the Ming period. Therefore, at least you should expect tea to appear rougher, more than back you go, even though the same kind of roughness can be seen even with the most recent clay.
The other thing about tea is that, although real original teapots of a famous artist have a defined appearance, which is only a rough circumstance. First, since each one is handmade, there may be slight variations from one to another, although of lesser importance. Secondly, there is no equivalent to, say, the "signature" you can see brush strokes in an oil painting of a famous artist for art making facilities. For example, we have recently seen a copy of a glass of water by a contemporary artist with whom we are familiar. There was nothing wrong with that, technically, but it happened that the firm was placed in the wrong place, according to our knowledge of owning an original. In fact, we would have to buy a copy, but was trading also a higher price than we pay for the original. More importantly, some real learning process for the manufacture of Yixing teapots is copied your mentor and other famous artists, so copying masterpieces is even built into the system of art education. We even have an artist friend who specializes to make copies, to the last detail, famous teapots, but do not sell them as more than reproductions. We see other large specimens of the famous and not so famous teapots contemporary and past, everywhere. From what we heard from our sources and our sources dealer in Yixing, in itself, more than ninety percent of the famous-name or old pots that have been sold over the last decades, as originals are actually counterfeits, especially those sold to foreign buyers during that time. We have seen a similar number cited in other articles on ancient pots.
Yixing teapots were sold to the world for several hundred years after being sent to the area by the European tea companies to European countries. Even as early as late 1600, both Dutch potters and English Yixing teapots made false because they are being imported from China were the rage. Others were sent also to Asian countries, such as teapots Gongju to Thailand. Therefore, it is impossible for old Yixing teapots are outside China, as well as those who have not been shipped out, but were subsequently acquired by foreign buyers of sellers of the continent. However, those shipped in previous centuries, you have to understand that not many were sent, first place, and very few survived because most people do not consider them so special and ceramics are easy to break. Even the Sunbeam Tiger of automobiles 1960's he had in the 1990's there were only about a third of the original production left at that time, only twenty-odd years later. Moreover, as we go back in time, there was very little teapot artists, not the thousands that we have today, someof those mass-produced teapots. As a result, Yixing teapots bought by foreign buyers from China during the last decades are considered by most of us in China, today to be quite suspect.
We recently, in fact, came from a foreign vendor who said he wanted to sell his collection of hundreds of teapots Beck ancient China. In recent years, many foreign sellers have sold their tea through local auctions, knowing that there was a price bubble in some tea market sectors. This seller, who came to us via the Internet, has sent us some pictures of teapots looking quite common, he told us to show to dealers and immediately know what they were. Now, we are not experts in antique teapots, but we know that some, at dealerships, and Yixing teapot multigenerational families art. We also see thousands of teapots, old and new, in the glass of water dealers, shops, studios and galleries that make it through. We see fakes being sold as fakes and forgeries that we know are counterfeit experience. In fact, we saw similar pots, somewhere in our pilgrimage, but sent along images of our experts, too. What we got was a ridiculous waste of time.
In the end, making copies has been part of the art itself, and copies and fakes have been around for centuries. The first wave of copies, in the twentieth century, was commissioned in reality by several respected companies in Yixing and Shanghai in early 1900. They had the best artists of the time to make copies of famous teapots from previous periods Originally conceived as reproductions. Finally, it offers outstanding presented as authentic, in later years. There was another wave of counterfeit-making all the type of tea from the 1980's, driven by higher external demand due to the normalization of relations across the Taiwan Strait, and continues today. In fact, China is now famous for their copies of everything and see all kinds of things copied, cigarettes to iPods and more.
Of course, as with any other art, provenance is a key element in buying new and old teapots. For new teapots, artists are actually hand-written certification is your glass of water, and can be passed from one owner to another. Much to obtain certification from the publisher for a century lithograph 20 by a famous artist. Ie at one end. However, even know a glass of water contemporary artist who told us he met a Taiwanese man in an exhibition in the city of New York, who bought what was supposed to have a glass of water by that artist, and had paid about $ 20,000 for the pot. There was even a certification writing, but when the artist considered, said the certification and tea were not authentic. You could say, because, although the handwritten signature was forged very good, the artist is actually the left hand, and the certificate was signed by a person skilled. Our friends in Yixing, who are both artists and scholars historic tea tea, tell us that they are often to foreign collectors, who truly believe they are authentic teapots because the good fakes are the ones who have seen or owned. I've even seen other comments on the articles and blogs.
A few months ago, my assistant was careless with a glass of water we have in contemporary the gallery and broke it. To compensate, he went to a dealer, on Shamian Island in Guangzhou, near the White Swan Hotel is the most expensive foreigners, the city, which thought could tell where to get repair. Instead, he sold her an exact replica of our glass of water which he said was made by the grandfather of the artist. He had a seal at the bottom was the same last name, and it was made to look old. Fortunately she paid only about $ 40 for it because after returning from a short business trip, call the artist, and she told us that his grandfather never did, even teapots. Therefore, there are even fakes in the market by people who never existed, that is something only you could know, if you have the right connections. It even seems that some foreign buyers do not even know the history of teapots that were purchased. For example, only the other day we saw an advertisement in a Taiwan website E-bay, wants to sell a glass of water Gongju, teapots were realized in the late Qing Dynasty, but the website is said to be that of the Ming Dynasty, only a few centuries of the mark. Even experts sometimes have trouble detecting any copies or citations teapots. It is said that some experts are still arguing about the authenticity of the original tea Chun Gong Museum in Beijing. Of course, the teapot Chun Gong has been copied over and over again, despite the centuries, and even some of those copies can be valuable. In fact, we have a good copy and see copies with different variations, everywhere in the tea market.
At the root, usually consisting of the chain of ownership of the item. In this regard, sometimes a certification from a reputable art dealer is sufficient. Moreover, once purchased a 19th century European painting by an artist known, from a reputable dealer with whom he had been trying many, and had obtained from a restorer, who gave his assurance that it was authentic. In the end, I found the artist's name only as one of our artists today, the name of Xin Ming Xuan, is misspelled on some important issues about the artists of the 19 century art and was the word incorrect, which was used to sign the painting he had. Apparently, the restaurateur has "restored?" signature, too. In the end, the dealer had to go, but I saw a few years later, offered again by another dealer as an original.
As mentioned in another recent blog, we like take the guess work out of art, at least in so far as is possible. To this end, teapots, we have contacts in many of the older artists whose work is sold, both originals and copies. We also have contacts in kettle family dynasty art, so full to authenticate some tea back through more than one hundred years. We also have friends who have done much to try and investigate more tea, they know all the tricks and traps in the markets for counterfeits.
As I said, I am not an expert in ancient Yixing teapots superme but I have a lot of experience in the field in general and markets tea kettles in China. I've been an expert in a number of fields, including quantum field theory, functional analysis, securities and econometric analysis, merger arbitrage, securities law, fine inn keeping, art, making "antiques" investment psychology, life in modern China. I also learned that one can find and use experts to help fill the knowledge and experience, and I can learn from them, while I am using their services. In the end, now we make some purchase in larger pots unless they are more pleasant tea at reasonable prices, if we do not know the name.
We like good art, and although I would never say that a price a work of art was too high just because the dollar amount in the price. He spent millions of dollars, personally, about art in recent years. However, as an investor, I understand reasonable compared to prices of the bubble, no matter whether it is oil prices, the price of Chinese stock market, prices Century Folk Art 18, or real estate prices in Guangzhou (real arbitrage, there is rent: pay Y3, 000 per month for rent, while the owner have a mortgage over Y8, 000 per month = losing proposal to the owner). Kettle prices are already too high for the work of several contemporary artists no matter how many of the works of famous dead artists. A true indicator of this is the number of foreign vendors in recent years that have put their kettles age for the auction, in mainland China. In Chinese art, everyone is looking to go in another direction and sell off the mainland, whether in Hong Kong, London, or New York.
You can browse Yixing teapots and teapot links to some sites other antiques on our website and blog. You can find a number of references on clay zisha, Yixing teapots, famous artists glass of water in the past centuries, and tea art searching the web.
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